The heritage of humanity in the knowledge of heaven – science – life

There are certain places on Earth that are of exceptional value to humanity; Countless natural and cultural heritage. Specifically, a total of 1,121 sites in 167 countries make up the list of places protected by UNESCO.

Archaeological sites are among the most representative, which is why it is no coincidence that Italy and China occupy the first places on the podium with the largest number of sites, 58 and 56 respectively. Colombia contributes nine sites, since it entered the list in 1984 with a huge complex Cartagena de Indias Until the last establishment, in 2018, of Chiribiquete National Natural Park.

(See: Universe Stories | Sometimes I See Spots on the Sun)

Aerial shot of the Chankillo Solar Observatory, in Casma (Peru), the oldest in America, dating between 500 and 200 BC. NS.

Photo:

Image credit: Janine Costa. France Press agency

Besides palaces, churches and monasteries, places that have enhanced knowledge of our cosmic environment are also making their way to the list.

It is therefore not surprising that last week it was announced that the Chankillo archaeological and astronomical complex, in the Casma Valley, in the Ancash region of Peru had been incorporated.

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A group of constructions where astronomical observations were made between 500 and 200 BC. It was a solar calendar in which the apparent movement of the sun on the horizon throughout the year was recorded with the help of constellations that marked the most important moments, including those corresponding to sunset and sunrise. The temple was probably dedicated to the worship of the sun, with traces on nearly every aspect of society, and stands out as the oldest astronomical complex in America.

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In this year’s announcement, the establishment of the Real Observatorio de Madrid went a little unnoticed, and it is already included in the application submitted by Spain for the candidacy that they called Prado-Retiro ‘The Landscape of Light’ and includes museums and parks in a prominent area of ​​Madrid. A special and unique feature was the incorporation of science into the urban landscape, and there the observatory, established in 1790, was included.

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Only two years ago, another observatory with a much less historical heritage entered the shortlist; Jodrell Bank Observatory in the UK. This science center houses some of the world’s first radio telescopes since the middle of the last century, including a massive 76-meter antenna that can be used to support research on the Moon, quasar detection, and monitoring missions. . outer space.

In the future, new temples for observing the universe will certainly continue to be added to the list of World Heritage sites, and we hope that the National Astronomical Observatory of Colombia will be able to accommodate the National Astronomical Observatory of Colombia, which will be 218 years since its establishment on August 20. Being a pioneer on the continent since the arrival of the Europeans to the New World.

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