Because Natural disasters Occurred in Mexico within two decades 10 thousand 626 people died, While the total economic losses amounted to 576,311 million pesos, and 59 million people were affected, according to data from the National Center for Disaster Prevention (Sinaprid).
The outlook is not encouraging in the face of climate change: five entities (CDMX, State of Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos and Oaxaca) in A ‘Extremely severe’ exposure to flooding And 6 others that could be affected in the coming years with a possible increase (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas and Zacatecas).
11 other countries More have a “too high” loophole due to landslides: Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Sonora. Meanwhile, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, and Yucatan registered a “very high” vulnerability due to Dengue fever.
These calculations were made by the Consortium Senior Review (ASF) contained in the study “The International Agenda and Mexico’s Actions in the Face of Climate Change”, based on data from the National Institute for Environment and Climate Change (INECC).
From 2000 to 2020, physical losses also included 2,103,000 damaged homes, 41,405 schools, and 1,874 health units. from that time period, 2010 was the most disastrous year with losses amounting to 92 million pesos, 227,000 homes, 4,401 schools and 405 health units were damaged, in addition to affecting 2 million people.
In 2010, several disasters occurred that affected an important part of the country: an earthquake shook the municipality of Mexicali in Baja California; Hurricane Alex affected Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon and Coahuila. Hurricane Frank affected Veracruz, Tabasco, Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca. Heavy rains in Oaxaca and Chiapas caused two landslides.
While 2017 was the deadliest yearOr, 877 people died due to natural disasters. That year earthquakes were recorded in Chiapas, Oaxaca and Mexico City, causing buildings, homes and schools to collapse.
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From 2001 to 2020, hydrometeorological phenomena caused the largest losses and damages in economic terms and the second with the largest number of deaths. This type of event accounts for, on average, 85.9% of all accumulated costs and 29.6% of deaths.
This, the study highlights, “is particularly important for Mexico because the economic and social consequences of climate change in the country occur every year. In addition, it isHydrometeorological events will be increasingly intense and frequentThis will lead to increased costs and loss of life. This situation presents a challenge for the public sector, which will have to allocate more resources to rebuilding damaged infrastructure and emergency care.
In 2020, the last recorded year, hydrometeorological phenomena (83.4% of the total) related to hurricanes, tropical storms, rains, floods and droughts left an economic cost of 26 thousand 585 million pesos, affecting 839 thousand 739 people. and 116 deaths. As well as damage to 253,341 homes, 537 schools and 11 hospitals.
Regarding the budget allocated through “Disaster Prevention Funds and Rural Population Service affected by air emergencies down from 2019. In 2018, there were 28 thousand and 816 million pesos for her, but in the following year it decreased to 5 thousand and 536 million pesos. In 2020 it reached 4 thousand million pesos and in 2021 it increased to 8 thousand 927 million pesos.
In addition, in accordance with the General Law on Civil Protection, the atlases of entities and municipalities must specify the different levels of risk and risk for all phenomena that they include in their areas. However, as of September 2021, only 20% of municipalities had a risk atlas.
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