The Spanish economy: tourism as a vaccine | Business

An empty hammock area on the beach in Benidorm, on August 1.Manuel Lorenzo / EFE

Recently, the economic debate has focused reasonably on future issues, such as European funds, public debt management and the type of reforms the country needs. But the present is dominated by a more realistic factor: the mobility of people. With the advent of the vaccine, we thought they would emerge from the prolonged standstill and that foreigners would resume their trips to our country, a change of direction that would boost the recovery. However, the delay in distributing the antidote makes it necessary to revise expectations.

First of all, the year started with signs of weakness, as evidenced by the contraction that the European Commission has forecast for the eurozone – a drop in GDP of 0.9% in the first quarter, after another 0.7% decline in the first. Over the past year. Economic indicators also indicate a slight contraction in our country, although the decline of the third wave of injuries heralds a gradual improvement in the coming weeks. In all likelihood, growth will not take off until summer – very limited growth is expected in the first half.

In addition, as summer approaches, any delay in immunization – or loss of efficacy against mutated versions of the virus – will have a disproportionate effect on the economy. Only in the third quarter more than 30,000 million euros were entered by tourism in a regular year. Last year, the quarter was entered, and it wouldn’t be the worst-case scenario if the score was repeated in 2021.

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The indirect effect of tourism is greater. First, because the massive uncertainty limiting consumption may subside as the movement returns. Second, and more fundamentally, because the expected multiplier effect from European funds depends closely on the choice of investment projects, but also on the constraints in effect when putting the plan into action. Therefore, the priority cannot be other than improving the health status and its natural outcome, raising the measures that limit mobility and supply. Otherwise, a general fiscal stimulus could lead to more savings rather than more spending. Even some analysts, such as Larry Summers in the case of the United States, expect a rebound in inflation if fiscal policy does not take into account weak productive fabric. Although an inflationary spiral is unlikely in Spain, the sequence of actions must be taken into account.

Among these most urgent factors is the granting of assistance to the productive apparatus and employment, so that the conditions of mobility can be reconfigured. The tourism sector is a reasonable candidate for these grants, given its importance and because the risks of supporting companies that do not need it are lower than other sectors. Over time, it will be necessary to identify companies that are not sustainable, which require a solution rather than an injection of money to keep the activity going – under the weight of bank balance sheets and reducing the availability of credit for dissolving companies, as happened in Italy. .

There are also specific measures, such as Health Passport or campaigns targeting markets like the UK. Greece has just concluded an agreement with Israel to facilitate travel this summer. And let’s not forget the potential for inbound tourism that could save the season in some destinations.

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According to Funcas, the economy could grow by as much as 7% if the movement recovers in intensity over the next summer, but roughly three points lower if it stays below the minimum. There is a big difference that shows that, with tourism, we risk the possibility of giving a sudden turnaround in the economy.

Raymond Torres He is a business manager at Funcas. On Twitter: RaymondTorres_

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