The case of the United Kingdom and the importance of a national cybersecurity strategy

The UK has just published its annual report on the progress of its National Cybersecurity Strategy for 2022-2023. It is a review that highlights the achievements and actions taken to counter the ever-changing cyber threats. By taking a strategic and collaborative approach, the UK has been able to enhance its resilience in cybersecurity, encouraging technological innovation, while also leading global efforts to build a safer cyberspace.

Since its implementation, the UK National Cyber ​​Security Strategy has made a number of notable achievements in very important areas.

The first is that it has allowed it to play a leadership role in global cybersecurity. The most important case in that period was cyber aid to Ukraine, which has allocated £7.3m since the beginning of the Russian invasion, but has also established formal dialogues on this matter with more than 10 countries and the European Union. . . The UK is promoting international cooperation to jointly address the same cyber threats. Global cooperation in protecting cyberspace and mitigating cross-border risks is expressly enshrined in its national strategy, and in this sense it fulfills its purpose.

When it comes to resilience and the protection of critical infrastructure, the UK has demonstrated a strong approach to international challenges and an initiative that seeks to enhance the ability to respond to cyber threats and protect the country’s core assets. In response to the invasion of Ukraine, it updated its cyber resilience legislation, making improvements to network and information system security regulations. It also set a time horizon (2025) to enhance the cyber resilience of critical infrastructure sectors. An example of this commitment is unprecedented warnings issued by the UK to protect national critical infrastructure against potential attacks by Russian-allied hacker groups.

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Its National Cybersecurity Strategy has enabled the UK to gain outstanding leadership in technology and the Internet throughout this period. Among these achievements is the issuance of the first App Store Privacy and Security Code of Practice. This regulation establishes a frame of reference for data protection and security in app stores and contributes significantly to raising standards in this vital area. In addition, the establishment of the AI ​​Standards Center has boosted innovation in critical technologies, reaffirming the country’s position as a leader in this technological advancement. The UK has also strengthened its influence in global cyber governance through the creation of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Council, reflecting its commitment to international cooperation and the promotion of a secure and progressive digital environment.

On the other hand, the British strategy was achieving another of its goals, which was to enhance cooperation between the public and private sectors in the field of cybersecurity. Collaboration between the two sectors has been instrumental in driving progress in the field of cyber security in the UK. Despite the economic challenges it has presented in the past year, it has been able to generate jobs and increase income in this sector (one example is the Cyber ​​Runaway initiative, which has supported more than 160 companies and entrepreneurs). In this regard, the establishment of a digital and computer skills education task force played a crucial role, promoting computer science training in schools and ensuring a solid foundation of computer science skills for the technological future.

Finally, combating cyber threats and promoting responsible cyber security has been an important priority in the UK’s approach. It has relinquished its reactive role and made progress in dismantling “cyber marketplaces” used by cybercriminals, such as the GENESIS marketplace, which have been a major blow to the infrastructure that supports online criminal activity. In addition, the imposition of coordinated sanctions against Russian cybercriminals reflects a strong and unified stance against such criminal activity, but is done ethically and responsibly, in line with the Guidelines for Responsible Cyber ​​Force in Action, which were published this year.

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Developments resulting from the UK’s National Cyber ​​Security Strategy show that maintaining a comprehensive approach can lead to significant gains in cyber security and resilience, even in what we might call a complex geopolitical environment. Public-private cooperation, investment in technological skills, promotion of security standards and international cooperation are key aspects that can be adapted and applied in different contexts to enhance cybersecurity around the world.

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