Many countries do not recognize the recent and controversial elections in the Central American country.
During the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS), the most discussed topic was the situation in Nicaragua. Despite this Thursday’s topic, Venezuela was also present at the meeting.
in the next day, Nicaragua once again asked for respect and rejected the issue of deciding on the “situation” in the Central American country, which is being promoted by the representatives of Canada, Antigua and Barbuda, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, the United States, the Dominican Republic and Uruguay will be discussed in the General Assembly hosted by Guatemala almost until Friday.
The proposed resolution denounces the Central American country’s ignorance of the diplomatic and technical initiatives taken by the OAS since June 2019 to promote “representative democracy and the protection of human rights.” It also seeks to declare that last Sunday’s elections in Nicaragua, in which President Daniel Ortega was re-elected, “were not free, fair and transparent, and did not have democratic legitimacy”; Likewise, “Nicaragua’s democratic institutions have been seriously undermined by the government.”
With Sunday’s results, Ortega, who has ruled the country since 2007 after doing so from 1979 to 1990, secured five more years as president, and again with his wife Rosario Murillo as vice president. Both accused of suppressing all kinds of dissent, combine EFE.
Since the 2018 protests, which called for Ortega’s resignation and resulted in hundreds of deaths, arrests have continued.
The OAS has long called for Nicaragua to respect human rights and adopted two resolutions calling for the release of “political prisoners” and for “free and fair” elections.
In the resolution approved in October, the organization warned Managua that the General Assembly, which opened on Wednesday, may take “other measures in accordance with the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Democratic Charter of American States”.
By “Other Actions” shall be understood as a final suspension. This will not completely isolate Nicaragua at the international level, “because the Ortega regime has the support of many countries that are not members of the Organization of American States, which, most likely, will continue to provide diplomatic, economic, commercial and financial support,” he said. to me France Press agency Luis Guillermo Solis, former President of Costa Rica and Acting Director of the Kimberly Green Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies.
Not suspending Nicaragua from the OAS “would be a failure for the international community,” says Joel Martinez, an analyst at the Center for American Progress.
Solis highlights the difficulty of getting a country to comply with its international obligations if it “repeatedly and obstinately” refused. For this reason it is considered most effective to be negotiated by a non-political humanitarian organisation, or by a figure not associated with Nicaragua, such as a Nobel laureate or an artistic or sports figure, or even someone who sympathizes with Ortega’s cause and precisely for that reason he has “the power of holding specific.
In any case, the OAS faces a diplomatic problem as a result of the uncertainty.
In addition, a local humanitarian organization, Nicaragua confirmed again on Thursday that at least 95,000 Nicaraguans have left the country so far in 2021, mainly for the United States, as a result of the crisis in Nicaragua since April 2018 and has worsened this year. With a series of arrests of opposition leaders in the electoral context.
Meanwhile, in another controversy, Mexico and Argentina led a group of countries that objected to attending the representation of Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido at the 51st session of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS), noting that the government announced de Nicolas Maduro’s decision to leave that body in 2017.
Mexico’s ambassador to the Organization of American States, Luz Elena Baños Rivas, indicated that France Press agency That the inclusion of the current representation of Venezuela sets a “very dangerous precedent”, and they demanded the inclusion of “a footnote in all resolutions” in which the matter is reported.
The Permanent Representative of Bolivia to the Organization of American States, Hector Enrique Ars Zaconita, spoke in the same way, stressing that his country “does not accept Venezuela’s credentials, similar to Mexico.”
The representatives of Nicaragua, Argentina, Dominica, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, and Trinidad and Tobago joined the address by Mexico and Bolivia regarding the representation of Venezuela.
Since 2019, the Organization of American States has recognized the Venezuelan National Assembly (AN, Parliament) as the representative of Venezuela, led by opposition leader Guaido, after the Maduro regime withdrew from the entity’s official in 2017.
During the meeting, Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic demanded, for their part, to include the “situation in Haiti” on the agenda, which is witnessing a political, social and economic crisis exacerbated after the assassination of its president on July 7. in your home country.
Guatemala is the host country for the 51st General Assembly of the Organization of American States, which will take place from 10 to 12 approximately November for the second year in a row due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with a scenario dominated by the contested elections in Nicaragua and under the slogan “For a Renewed America.” (I)
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