India announces energy self-sufficiency plan in 2047

August 15, 2021, 11:27 amNEW DELHI, Aug. 15 (Prensa Latina) India today launched the National Hydrogen Mission to accelerate plans to generate this fuel from renewable energy sources and prepare for energy self-sufficiency by 2047.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his Independence Day Address stated that for these purposes India can combine a gas-based economy, blending sugarcane ethanol with gasoline, and electric mobility.

He noted that while India is 85 percent dependent on imports to meet its oil needs, external supplies account for about half of its domestic natural gas needs.

The Prime Minister said that India should commit to energy independence by the centenary of independence (1947).

Modi added that the country had achieved the target of 100 gigawatts of renewable energy ahead of schedule.

Also, the goal is to make India a global hub for green hydrogen production and export.

The national hydrogen mission was first announced in the country’s budget for the 2021-22 period in February of this year.

Currently, all the hydrogen consumed in India comes from fossil fuels. By 2050, three-quarters of all hydrogen is expected to be green, produced by renewable electricity and electrolysis.

Prime Minister Modi set a target a few years ago to reduce India’s dependence on oil imports from 77 percent in 2013-14 to 67 percent in 2022, but imports have increased.

The government is studying the possibility of replacing part of the oil with fuel produced from sugar cane and other biomaterials.

It aims to supply blended gasoline with 20 percent ethanol by 2023-24 versus 8.0 percent today.

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Similarly, the Indian authorities are seeking to increase the share of natural gas in the country’s economy to 15 percent in 2030, from 6.2 percent today.

India is also moving towards electric mobility, and if vehicles of this type gain ground, the Indian Railways is also moving towards full electrification.

From a target of creating 450 gigawatts of electricity generation capacity from renewables by 2030, India has already achieved 100 gigawatts.

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