Einstein was right about the area surrounding black holes – DW – 05/21/2024

Scientists have proven one of the theories Albert Einstein, Find evidence that there is only a submerged area around black holes, They also exert some of the strongest gravitational forces yet identified in the galaxy.

Einstein’s theory It states that it is impossible for particles to safely follow circular orbits when… They are approaching the black hole. Instead, they hurtle toward the object at close to the speed of light, giving the sunken zone its name.

Experts say the results show that the material responds to gravity in its “strongest possible form.”

Black holes: immersion zone

The new study focused for the first time on this submergence zone. Physics researchers at the University of Oxford used X-ray data to better understand the force generated by black holes.

“The really exciting thing is that there are many black holes in the galaxy, and we now have a powerful new technique to use to study the strongest gravitational fields known.” Andrew Mummery announced, Professor of Physics at Oxford University who led the study.

the Einstein’s theory “We expected this recent drop to occur, but this is the first time we have been able to prove that it happened,” Mummery added. “It is like a river turning into a waterfall: until now we had seen the river. “This is the first time we have seen the waterfall.”

“We believe this represents an exciting new development In the study of black holes, Because it allows us to investigate this final area around them. “Only then will we be able to fully understand the force of gravity,” Mummery added. “This final plasma fall occurs at the edge of the black hole and shows matter’s response to gravity in its strongest possible form.”

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Decades of debate

The researchers say that astrophysicists have been discussing for decades whether it is possible to discover the so-called dipping zone.

The Oxford team has spent the past two years developing models of it, and in the study they have just published, they have demonstrated their first confirmed detection, made using X-ray telescopes and data from the International Space Station.

the study, Published in Monthly Notices of the Astronomical Society, The researchers focused on smaller black holes relatively close to Earth, using X-ray data collected by space telescopes.

Later this year, a second team from Oxford hopes to come close to imaging larger, more distant black holes for the first time.

Few (DPA, University of Oxford)

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