It has the Danakil Desert, the hottest place on Earth, and it is here that they discovered coffee, although other countries claim this credit.
It is also the territory of the Blue Nile, the source of more than 80% of the Nile’s water, and they call it the “cradle of mankind” because Lucy and other ancient fossils that reveal our evolution were found in its soil. Its calendar is 13 months and 12 hours in time system.
The aforementioned singularities are just some of those that make up Ethiopia, a nation described as “a space full of diverse and ancient ethnic groups, languages, and cultures” identified by long-distance runners since the famous Abebe Bikila, but fixed in the collective imagination as an example of poverty.
One of its properties is enough to serve as the “roof of Africa”. This has nothing to do with the location above sea level in Addis Ababa, Africa’s highest capital.
With its three peaks, Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira, the highest mountain on the continent, the famous Mount Kilimanjaro dominates the plains and grasslands of northeastern Tanzania, followed by seven more before reaching Mount Ras Dashen, ranked ninth. and the highest Ethiopian point.
However, of the first forty peaks, 22 are in this country in the Horn of Africa, although it should be noted that there are several differences between the sources regarding the measurements, especially the Ethiopian ones.
So the name “Roof of Africa” deserves it because its territory has the largest number of mountain peaks above 1500 meters.
In particular, they call it this way because of the Simian mountain range in the north. There is Ras Dashen, and there is a national park of about 180 square kilometers, home to endemic species such as the Abyssinian wolf and also with distinctive flora, which was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in 1974.
(taken from orb)
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