Uvigo will lead the study of the impact of climate change on the atmosphere

The international institute of space sciences (ISSI) just chose a physicist from the University of Vigo Juan Antonio Anel To lead an international team studying for the next two years Climate Change Effects About the planet’s upper atmosphere and orbits of satellites and space debris.

Participation in the project team Eleven institutions from seven countriesin addition to UVigo, the University of Oxford, NASA, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the National Center for Atmospheric Research in the United States (NCAR), the Antarctic Research Center in the United Kingdom, Charles University in the Czech Republic, and the Indian National Institute For Advanced Research, the Finnish Meteorological Institute, the Netherlands Meteorological Institute, and the University of Leeds.

Participating on behalf of the University of Vigo Juan Antonio Anel, as the project leader, and Laura de la Torreboth physicists from the Environmental Physics Laboratory group (Ephyslab Center for Marine Research) and professors from the School of Aeronautical and Space Engineering at Ourense Campus.

ISSI makes an annual call to fund teams in The most relevant topics at the moment in space research and Earth observation. To get our latest findings on the effects of climate change, several colleagues suggested The ability to view the call And they asked us to lead it and so we did,” says Juan Antonio Anel. The International Institute for Space Sciences recalls, “It functions as an advanced research institute with an international reference in the field of space, and is specifically dedicated to Study of the effect of the sun on Earth and planetary sciencesfacilitating collaborative research by all space agencies in different countries.”

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Three goals and recommendations

The Objectives Project details Juan Antonio Anel, there are several. “First of all, we will assess the state we are in Monitoring the effects of climate change in the upper layers of the atmosphereBecause we are now facing a huge shortage of data, monitoring systems and satellite missions planned in the coming years do not solve these problems.” Second, he adds, the project aims to build a file Notes Database from the middle atmosphere in order to better study these effects.

The third objective of the initiative will be Determining the effect of carbon dioxide emissions on the ionosphere and some characteristics of the upper atmosphere, such as electron density. “This is important because it affects the navigation of satellites, the time of their re-entry into the atmosphere, the increase in the time spent in orbit of space debris, and therefore the amount of it.” Finally, under this initiative, a Report with recommendations about how to solve these problems.

“Our knowledge of the impacts of climate change is still ongoing Too restricted to the surface The lower part of the planet’s atmosphere. Because of issues such as the lack of notes from the entire atmosphere Before the advent of satellitesthe effects on the very high layers are still unknown”, explains Juan Antonio Anel. However, he stresses that “it is important to address this gap in our knowledge” giving an example of how “an increase in space debris can have very detrimental effects.” on satellite operations or orbital missions.” Thus, the physicist UVigo adds, “It has been shown that it can lead to Errors in measurements with positioning systems such as GPSwhich must be properly quantified.

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