Students from urban centers do 26 points better in math than cities

Students in the urban centers of Castilla y León perform 26 points better in mathematics than students in rural schools. A difference that is reduced to 17 points in the case of science, according to the International Study of Trends in Mathematics and Science (TIMSS), compared to 2019 and is made among fourth-year students of primary education. Despite this data, students from rural areas of the community fare better in these subjects than the average students in Spain as a whole.

One of the TIMSS tables on average performance in mathematics, reviewed by Ical, according to residents of the area in which the center is located, shows that the size of the population does not mean that there are “significant” statistical differences between students 34 educational systems were analyzed, including Spain. In thirteen educational systems, students from schools located in cities with a population of over 100,000 performed significantly better, while in Belgium and Germany, children from schools located in small cities with a population of less than 15,000 did better.

In an analysis of five independent communities in Spain that expanded the sample, Asturias and, above all, Castilla and León, recorded significant differences, with 16 and 26 points, respectively, in favor of students enrolled in large city centers. In other words, the difference between urban and rural or semi-urban areas of the community was similar for countries such as Croatia and Poland, although very far from the differences found in Turkey (83 points), Bulgaria (63 points) and Slovakia (56 points).

The group exceeded the average difference in Spain (14 points) as well as in the OECD (15 points) and the EU total (eleven points). Despite this disparity, students in Castilla y León from schools located in small towns, with a score of about 510 in mathematics, have achieved results better than the national average (502) and close to the European Union (513). In this sense, children from large cities were about 540 points.

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Regarding the average performance in the sciences, the number of educational systems (among them Spain) in which the size of the population is not associated with significant differences, is 17. In the OECD average, the sum is in the European Union and in ten educational systems, the difference is significant In favor of students from schools in large cities, and in Germany and England in favor of schools in small cities. In Castilla y León, again and according to Ical, a significant difference was discovered in favor of students of centers located in cities with a population of over 100,000.

Society, at the fore

The latest TIMSS report, the conclusions of which were known last December, confirmed that Castilla y León students once again achieved the best national results and were among the first at the international level. Specifically, Castilla y León students scored 535 points in science, surpassing 526 points in the OECD, 514 in the European Union and 511 in Spain. Korea came in the lead with 588 points, ahead of Japan (562), Finland (555), Latvia (542), Norway (539), the United States (539), Lithuania (538), England and Sweden by two points. More than Castile and Leon.

This result put Castilla y León ahead of the independent societies it had expanded. Thus, Asturias finished second with 534 points, ahead of La Rioja (531), Communidad de Madrid (523) and Catalonia (504) as well as the cities of Ceuta (476) and Melilla (470). The test conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) among 64 countries to measure the progress of fourth graders in mathematics and science subjects values ​​knowledge of the life sciences, physical sciences and earth sciences. In these three areas, Castilla y León ranked first.

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TIMSS also assessed fourth graders in the community in mathematics, a subject in which they score very well, with an average of 528 points, above 527 in the OECD, 513 in the EU and 502 in Spain. Korea, as in science, went on to take first place (600), ahead of Japan (593), Northern Ireland and England with 556, Latvia (546) and Norway (543). After Castilla and Lyon, Portugal and Denmark with 525 points, Hungary and Turkey (523), Sweden and Germany (521) and Poland (520).

Once again, Castilla y León has bypassed all the Autonomous Communities. Not surprisingly, La Rioja reached 527 points, ahead of Asturias (520), Madrid (518), Catalonia (494), Ceuta (462) and Melilla (458).

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