Population and housing censuses begin in Panama

According to the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC), the count – pending since 2020 when it was postponed by Covid-19 – will allow us to find out how many Panamanians and foreign residents live in the isthmus and where and how they live.

Unlike previous experiences, this time the survey will last for two months and will be conducted in person with visits to the homes of about nine thousand meters.

Prior to this, censuses were taken in one day at the national level. With this change in methodology, this research will have minimal impact on the economy and population mobility, as detailed by INEC.

In addition, for the 2020 census, the use of eight thousand 650 mobile capture devices (DMC) will be carried out by activists for data collection.

According to the director of the National Institute of Statistics, Samuel Moreno, the study will cost 54.7 million dollars and will use high technology, although paper will be used in some hard-to-reach areas.

According to Moreno, preliminary data is expected on July 15, 2023, and in October this year, for final information.

Moreno stressed that censuses have been conducted since 1911 and as on previous occasions, it is a matter of the state, which is why he asked for the cooperation of the citizens.

Earlier, the Independent Electoral Commission specified in a statement that this year’s population and housing censuses will focus on issues related to living conditions, race, and access to vital services such as water.

Among the questions that the enumerators will ask, according to this text, are details about the house in which the families reside (mortgaged, owned or rented), building materials and the type of health service.

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They will also be interested in the occupants of the house, the date of birth, if it appears in the civil registry in Panama, or in another country or both, identification number, country of citizenship, current marital status, and data on other relatives.

In addition, if the person considers himself indigenous to one of the seven indigenous peoples, African-descended or another group.

They will also inquire with citizens about the existence of insurance or if they have any disability, the degree of study, work and economic income, and whether they are beneficiaries of any social program, and for women only, the number of children and the number of children. They are alive.

The questionnaire asks whether family members have grown crops of cereals, tubers, vegetables, reeds, fruit or timber trees; And if they raise livestock, bees, fish or shrimp.

For the government, the goal of these censuses is to determine the number of people and their way of life and have scientific data to support the design of public policies, programs and social actions for the benefit of the population at large.

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