Latin America and its Developments in Open Science ‘Out of Necessity’

This content was published on November 10, 2021 – 13:01

Concepcion M Moreno

Montevideo, November 10 (EFE). Latin America is one of the most advanced regions in the world in the field of open science, due to the “need” of its experts to continue a long tradition of research with low resources to develop it.

This was stated by Guillermo Anlló, UNESCO Regional Head of Science, Technology and Innovation Program, in an interview with Efe in the framework of the International Science Day and at the full celebration in Paris of the General Conference of that United Nations agency, from which global agreements on open science and artificial intelligence are expected to be launched.

The Argentine expert explains: “The region has a strong and long tradition in the scientific community, but with few resources and investments, so it has struggled very hard for this synergy and cooperation,” which notes that outside Europe and the United States are the “great hubs of science,” Latin America has advanced “necessarily”.

The Cielo and Latindex networks or CLACSO (Latin American Council for the Social Sciences), promoted by UNESCO itself, are examples of shared spaces accessible to the public and open to content that are a milestone in the collaborative sciences of the region.

As Anlló himself points out, the recognition of the region can be seen in the fact that Fernanda Beagle chairs the International Advisory Committee on Open Science of UNESCO, made up of four other representatives from Latin American countries: from Brazil, Uruguay, Venezuela and Colombia.

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Open science, according to the expert, “must break certain standards of traditional scientific culture,” such as biased “peer evaluations” or publications in “big science publishers,” which are “the best private legal businesses in the world, with a net profit margin above 35%.” , as well as openness to the agenda of social demands.

“Open science should open the agenda and bring in other problems that need to be addressed not only by local researchers but also by major health centers in the world,” he says.

Artificial Intelligence: The Next Pandemic?

A well-known audiovisual content platform suggests a movie based on our tastes or a company advertises a product by mail through an online search. They are some of those little actions that we have already integrated into our daily lives and they are examples of artificial intelligence.

The ethical dimensions of this technological advance are also the focus of the Paris debates, because besides its beneficial side, such as early detection of cancer or treatment of trauma, there are also dangers of stimulating consumption or mental manipulation. negative purposes.

“All these phenomena that we see on the ICT platform, and that actually affect us, don’t know what vertigo means when you include the biological part. It’s already in the labs, I’m not talking about science fiction, I’m talking about reality: the chip in the head to change Memories and memories are real.”

The person who was the undersecretary of technology and innovation at the first Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation in Buenos Aires Province between 2016 and 2017 says he usually jokes that “the next pandemic will be artificial intelligence or neuroscience,” already says that “it will have similar effects, and therefore You have to be prepared.”

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In his opinion, in the field of artificial intelligence, Latin America has “something weak in the academic leg”, since its talents “gone abroad”, and the public sector is “more backward”, without being able to “match with good commissions”. To identify the challenge involved and the opportunity.”

Once again, he insists, the countries of the region should “share” all their efforts in moving toward one agenda, given that they already have a common “hereditary life history”, similar “social demands” and “global challenges”. It will affect everyone equally, such as climate change or migration. EFE

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