Today in history. Voltaire was born

Francois Marie Arouetknown as Voltaire The pseudonym he adopted in 1718, was a French writer, historian, philosopher and lawyer who had emerged as one of the main representatives of the Age of Enlightenment.

He was born in Paris, France, on November 21, 1694. His work was Philosophical Letters or English Letters, a critique of the French system.

In 1746 Voltaire was elected a member of the French Academy. In 1764 he published his Philosophical Dictionary.

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Voltaire achieved fame thanks to his literary and, above all, philosophical writings, in which he showed his works Excessive criticism. Voltaire sees no conflict between a single society and an oppressed individual, an idea championed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, but believes in a universal and innate sense of justice, which should be reflected in the laws of all societies: the law must be one. For everyone. A common life requires an agreement, a “social pact” To maintain the interest of each.

He died in Paris, France, on May 30, 1778.

On this day

1783. Paris. Physicists and chemists Jean-François Pilatre de Rozier and François Laurent make the first flight in a hot air balloon.

1789. North Carolina. It is accepted as the twelfth state of the United States.

1791. France. Colonel Napoleon Bonaparte is promoted to General and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the French Republic.

1840. England. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom was born.

1958 Venezuela. East University was established.

1964. Vatican City. The conclusion of the third session of the Second Vatican Council of the Catholic Church.

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