Rhinitis: what is it and what are its main symptoms?

Rhinitis causes sneezing, diarrhea, and fatigue, among other symptoms
Rhinitis causes sneezing. Photo: Getty Images

in Mexico There is a disease that affects 42.5% of the population and results in, among other symptoms, fatigue and diarrhea: Allergic rhinitis.

Rhinitis is Public health problem Which affects men most often in our country.

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What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis?

the Health Secretary Details: The symptoms of allergic rhinitis can be gradual or sudden, and the most common of them are the following:

  • Rhinitis, accompanied by redness and itching of the nose and eyes
  • Frequent sneezing
  • Mucus descending into the throat
  • Clogged nasal passages
  • Fatigue due to difficulty sleeping due to symptoms of nasal congestion
  • Inflammation under the eyes
  • Dermatitis
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • Diarrhea

Rhinitis It can be distinguished from influenza, cold, or respiratory infection Because the symptoms last and there is no fever. It appears in some patients at certain times of the year, and sometimes when there is vaccination.

What causes rhinitis?

There are some people who You have symptoms Rhinitis when in contact with dust, mites, pets, cockroaches, fungi, or mold inside the home due to humidity, environmental pollution, or eating certain foods. In the first years of life it is associated with food allergies such as dairy products or eggs, and from adolescence onwards, it is associated with allergies to fruits, vegetables and seeds.

To determine the cause of the allergy, there are skin tests that are applied in specialized units such as the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases.

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What treatment is there for the disease?

Treatment is with Immunotherapy To reduce symptoms by up to 90%. It consists of providing oral, skin, or tablet vaccines according to the allergic spectrum of each patient, whether dust, ash, trees, or herbs. This allows the patient to feel cured in a period ranging from three to five years, because the symptoms disappear for up to 10 years; However, they can happen again.

If symptoms of rhinitis are present for more than a month, you should go to the medical staff specializing in allergic diseases and not normalize the discomfort because it can worsen and cause Other health problems; Due to severe nasal congestion, he does not sleep, snores, experiences periods of shortness of breath and lack of concentration and over time he believes this is normal.

Take note: On average, 75% of people with asthma simultaneously develop allergic rhinitis.

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