Mexico falls in math, reading and science in PISA 2022 test; Levels below the OECD average

Mexico backed down In the grades he obtained Math, reading and science on the test Program for International Student Assessment (Pisa) l 2022; the Levels in the country are below average Of the OECD countries (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development).

The PISA test assesses 15-year-old students' knowledge and skills in mathematics, reading, and science to get an idea of ​​how well education systems prepare their students. How did Mexico do?

Not so good, as average results for 2022 were lower compared to 2018 assessments in maths and science, and about the same in reading.

in Mathematics The most pronounced decline occurred and average scores returned to those observed in 2003In the other two areas, these assessments do not differ significantly from those observed ten years ago, in 2012. Thus, the assessments were:

  • Mathematics 395 points, down 14 compared to 2018
  • Reading got 415 points, a difference of 5 points
  • Science 410, 9 points less

The above can be compared with Average of countries participating in the PISA testWho lost 15 points in mathematics, 10 in reading, and 2 in science.

Data about Mexico in the PISA 2022 test collected by IMCO.

The SEP rejects the PISA test results

After the release of the PISA results Ministry of Public Education (September) He stressed that these are standardized tests that “do not take into account the real conditions in which teaching work takes place.”

Through a statement, the SEP rejected the results and said they did not show significant changes compared to previous versions of this assessment.

“Our students face challenges in all three areas assessed: mathematics, Spanish and science, underscoring that a change in the educational model was necessary, a situation exacerbated by the health emergency.”

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The agency asserts that Mexico presented a lower decline in mathematics and reading than the average of OECD member countries.

SEP emphasized that the coronavirus (COVID-19) emergency was a key factor in obtaining these results.

“In the context in which this evaluation was conducted, the efforts made by adolescents and teachers reflect the ability of our education system to adapt in the face of extraordinary circumstances.”

Mexico declined in its scores in math, reading and science on the PISA test
Mexico declined in its scores in math, reading and science on the PISA test

Students from Mexico scored below the OECD average

the Students from Mexico scored below the OECD average In mathematics, reading, and science: only 7 out of every 1,000 Mexican students placed in the most outstanding levels; One in three falls into the lowest levels.

According to Pisa test 2022, 34% of students achieved at least Level 2 proficiency in mathematics, below average (69%), indicating that they can at least explain and recognize, without direct instruction, how to represent a simple situation mathematically.

In reading, about 53% of students reached Level 2 and 46% in science.

PISA 2022, the first test after the Covid-19 pandemic

the Pisa test 2022 It was the first to be implemented yet Covid-19 pandemic This is something that the OECD recognizes as affecting students' performance and well-being.

Overall, the assessment registered an unprecedented decline compared to 2018, with average performance falling by 10 points in reading and by about 15 points in mathematics, which is especially important in countries such as Germany, Iceland, the Netherlands, Norway and Poland, which saw a drop of 25 points or more.

However, the organization highlights this decline in performance This can only be partly attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic, as the decline in results was evident before 2018..

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Pisa results 2022 mexico
Classrooms in Mexico. | Forum: Archive/Cuartoscuro

The report explains that the relationship between school closures due to the epidemic and lower grades is not entirely clear, because the results of the Program for International Student Assessment do not show a difference in performance trends between educational systems with short school closures, such as Sweden and Iceland compared to other countries. Countries with longer lockdowns, such as Brazil, Ireland and Jamaica.

for him The bright side In mathematics, Singapore and five other East Asian education systems – Macau (China), Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (China), Japan and Korea – outperformed all others and were also the best performers in science, along with Estonia and Canada. In reading, Ireland performed as well as Japan, Korea, Chinese Taipei and Estonia.

“PISA provides evidence and results The public policy countries need to address these issues. There is an urgent need to take action. “It is the task of governments to help education systems rise to this challenge,” said Andreas Schleicher, Director for Education and Skills and Special Adviser on Education Policy at the OECD.

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