US and UK universities, led by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), top the list of the world’s best universities published by the consulting firm QS Quacquarelli Symonds.
The top spots in the 2022 World University Rankings live in this batch its greatest reshaping in half a decade, changes that don’t affect MIT, which celebrates ten continuous years as the best university in the world.
On the other hand, Americans too Harvard university He slips from third to fifth, his lowest ever, and leaves room on the podium for Britain’s Oxford University, which is rising from fifth to second, and Cambridge, which is tied with Stanford for third.
While Harvard still scores excellent in reputation indicators, it has been far outperformed by Oxford and Cambridge in its teaching ability, and to a lesser extent also in the proportion of international students and faculty.
The top ten on the list was completed by other American and British universities, such as the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Imperial College London, University College London (UCL) and the University of Chicago (United States of America), as well as Swiss EHT Zurich, which has crowned the eighth best university in continental Europe for 14 consecutive years.
Latin American universities are in decline
The University of Buenos Aires, with its high levels of teaching capabilities, remains the best university in it Latin america, a title he held for seven years, although it falls into three positions in this edition, until 69.
This decline is a symptom of the decline experienced in the past year by seven of the top ten universities in Latin America, including the second best in the region, the National Autonomous University of Mexico, which is out of the top 100 globally.
To regain positions, Latin America must follow the example of countries like ChinaSingapore, Russia and improving the impact on research, which would require “significant investment and concrete strategy for a decade or more,” says Jacques Moran, a QS spokesperson.
“Increasing the number of PhD holders should also be a priority, as well as trying to create incentives for talented professors from around the world to come and do research in Latin America,” the expert says.
More Spanish universities in the list
The rankings in this rendition include three more Spanish universities than in the last edition, as many as 29, of which twelve have improved their position, ten are declining in rank, and nine are still stable.
The University of Barcelona (UB) moved up fifteen places in the world list, to 168, and stands as the best Spanish university, followed by the Autonomous University of Madrid (UAM) -207-, and the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) -209- Complutense Madrid -223- and Pompeu Fabra University (UPF) -248- which is among the top 250 universities in the world.
compare the world
Globally, the list places two Chinese universities in the top twenty for the first time, a milestone that contrasts with the decline in this edition by about half of Japanese universities.
Malaysia and Russia, although both countries maintain one of their universities in the top 100 ranks in the table.
London-based consultancy QS uses six indicators to compile its list, based on responses to a series of surveys among academics, companies and students, among others.
The parameters analyzed are academic reputation, reputation among employers, citations per teacher (measuring research impact), teacher-student ratio, international teacher ratio, and international student ratio.