Hubble captured the precise moment one of the most exciting cosmic phenomena occurs – teach me about science

Have you ever wondered how a star is born? To understand it, we must delve a little deeper into its process, although it is a bit complicated to understand. Explores But great, where Thermonuclear physics He will always have a place.

It all starts with Huge clouds of gas and dust from space, known as nebulae. These nebulae contain basic materials such as hydrogen, Helium And others Heavier items. Then, under the influence of gravitational forces, these clouds begin to form Contract slowly, attracting more and more matter towards its center. When the cloud contracts, it raises its internal temperature and pressure, triggering a process called nuclear fusion. bubble! It is at this precise point where a star has just been born.

Now, imagine a similar scenario but on a much closer scale: a star system FS Tao. This system is located about 450 light-years away in the constellations Taurus and Auriga, and it is… A clear example of the phenomenon of star formation. Through the powerful Hubble Telescope, we have a unique opportunity to witness the spectacle that accompanies the birth of a new star.

What is FS Tau?

FS Tau is a star system consisting of two young starsFS Tau A and FS Tau B, are surrounded by bright nebulae of gas and dust. although there was Only 2.8 million years old It is very young in astronomical terms, and these stars are already showing signs of evolution. FS Tau B, in particular, is in the process of becoming a T Tauri-type starIt is an intermediate stage between a protostar and a star A main sequence star like our Sun.

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But what makes this system so strange?

The answer is in Impressive energy emissions That appear By FS Tao B. When a star forms, it expels jets of energetic material at incredibly high speeds, known as jets. These planes are captured in a blue photo Dazzling by Hubblepass through the nebula, creating a Impressive visual spectacle.

FS Tau B in its initial phase. Source: NASA.

next to, FS Tau B is also classified as a Herbig-Haro object. These organisms are formed when… Jets of ionized gas ejected by a young star collide with nearby gas and dust clouds at high speeds, generating bright spots of blur. This shock will later illuminate the surrounding space, revealing the intense star formation activity taking place there. Minute moment.

Thanks to the pictures Provided by the Hubble TelescopeAstronomers can study in detail the properties of young stars, jets of ejected material, and impacting objects Herbig HarrowWe know how a star is born, but its evolution still raises some questions Astronomy scientists Ready to discuss It is also being studied little by little a little. Thanks to this kind of observations, scientists are able to solve the mystery of everything we know, everything Our understanding of stellar evolution And run The universe in general

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