Fuego volcano in Guatemala: Record activity and risk alert this Monday

file| Guatemala’s Fuego volcano erupts in May 2023. (Instagram/@fstrunk/via Reuters)

part of its natural threats Guatemala he is in volcanic activity Giants of Fuego, Pacaya and Santiagoto, which are under constant monitoring by the National Coordination System for Disaster Reduction (CONRED).

In the past few hours, each of these volcanoes has delivered different types of activity, according to the latest report from the National Institute of Seismology, Volcanology, Meteorology, and Hydrology (Insifume) This Monday, August 28th.

Observatory A fiery volcano OVFGO reports a gas dump over the crater that extends to the east. And occurred from 5 to 8 explosions per hour with weak and medium characteristics Explosions be born Ash columns With elevations of 4,200 to 4,400 meters above sea level (13,780 to 14,436 ft) distributed east-northeast, weak ash fall could continue over Alotenango, San Miguel Dueñas, Ciudad Vieja and Antigua Guatemala. . They score Avalanches around the crater And in the direction of the valleys of Ceniza, Jute, Las Lajas and Honda.

A man sits watching lava during the eruption of Pacaya volcano in San Vicente de Siles, Guatemala, May 8, 2021. (Reuters/Luis Echeverría TPX)

Pacaya Volcano Observatory reports unloading 150 m above the pit. INSIVUMEH seismic stations record short, low-frequency seismic events due to Movement of magma and gases within the volcanic edifice, as well as due to prolonged or abundant periods of hollowing in the crater.

The Santiaguito Volcano Observatory OVSAN reports continuous discharge 500 meters above the crater that spreads to the east-southeast. They signed up weak and medium blasts, – Expelling columns of gas and ash to a height of up to 900 meters above the crater, which disperse in the east-southeast direction. At night and early morning, a glow is observed in the hot dome crater and in the lava flow in a west-southwest direction.

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registered Weak and medium avalanches in the lava flow and on the south, southeast and east sides. The volcano maintains high activity due to the ejection of lava in the form of blocks in the dome of the hot dome in the direction of the west and southwest and the unstable nature of the material in the crater, and there is a possibility of moderate to strong lava flows, so you should not stay close to or within the streams of rivers near the foothills volcano.

Due to its location in Pacific Ring of FireVolcanoes cover a large part of the country’s geography, which makes it one of the areas with the highest density of these rock formations.

Although at least 324 structures of volcanic origin have been identified in Guatemala, the National Geographic Institute (IGN) validates only 32, while the National Mountaineering Federation says there are 37. The remaining 287 were named by INSIVUMEH Explosion hotspots.

However, differences aside, today there are three active volcanoes that are being monitored by the Guatemalan authorities: Fuego, Pacaya and Santiagoto.

FILE – A view of Fuego volcano from Puente Las Lajas, Guatemala, on December 12, 2018. (Photo by AP/Santiago Bailey, File)

Located between the provinces of Sacatepéquez, Escuintla and Chimaltenango, Fuego is a stratovolcano most active Central America And one of the most important in the world.

With an elevation of more than 3,763 meters above sea level, this volcano has a different record Violent explosionsLike the 1932When the city of Antigua Guatemala and some parts of Honduras and El Salvador were covered with ash; 1974 when pyroclastic flows destroyed part of the surrounding vegetation and partially buried the communities of San Pedro Yepocapa and Acatenango.

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he June 3, 2018 It witnessed its largest eruption so far in the new millennium, with ash plumes reaching 10,000 meters above sea level. this activity It left 300 dead200 missing and 600 wounded; As well as two million affected citizens.

The last report of strong activity was on December 12, 2022, when the volcano erupted Ash columns It is 500 meters high and generates a lava flow 800 meters long, with ash falling in settlements 45 kilometers away.

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